The elderly are prone to death
Every summer, many elderly people with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases are killed by heat.
Now, in this season of trouble, the elderly who are involved in cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases must be careful.
Not long ago, 70-year-old Grandpa Wang woke up in the afternoon to feel hot and thirsty, and decided to go to the vegetable market not far to buy a watermelon.
What is surprising is that when Grandpa Wang took the watermelon and walked on the way home with the hot sun, he fell to the ground.
Passers-by quickly called 120 ambulances to send the elderly to the hospital.
Although the doctor rescued him with all his strength, Uncle Wang stopped breathing.
It turns out that the elderly are sudden deaths caused by heatstroke and heatstroke, recurrence of coronary heart disease and large area of myocardial necrosis.
According to some data, one out of every three deaths in the world is related to heart disease and stroke.
It is estimated that in 2020, the 5th and 6th of the current cause of death of myocardial infarction and stroke will rise to the 1st and 4th.
As the number one killer of human health, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases will kill more lives of the elderly every summer and winter.
Some drugs can promote heatstroke every summer. As the temperature rises, previous heatstroke events often occur.
First and foremost, because the temperature regulation center of the elderly is not sensitive, the balance is imbalanced, and the functions of various tissues of the body are out of control.
If the room is not well ventilated during the hot weather, if the water is not replenished in time after sweating, the water and electrolytes in the elderly will be disordered and cause heat stroke.
For the elderly with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, long-term use of anticholinergic drugs, beta blockers, antihistamines, diuretics, and tranquil drugs, gradually increase the possibility and symptoms of heat stroke.
Its main manifestations are: fever, headache, irritability, thirst, elevated body temperature, rapid breathing, tachycardia, etc., severe will bring shock, coma, diffuse intravascular coagulation, jaundice, acute renal failure,Myocardial necrosis, etc.
Due to the rapid development of the elderly after heat stroke, they often lost their lives before they could rescue.
In the elderly, heat stroke should be treated locally. When the elderly suffer from the above symptoms of heatstroke, the following measures can be taken: 1.
The drug is cooled.
Those whose body temperature is below 40 °C can be orally detoxified, such as painkillers, aspirin, human Dan, and ten drops of water.
Quickly help out of the high temperature environment, after the shade, cool water, wet towels, ice cubes, etc. can be applied to the forehead, neck, arms, groin, etc.
It is best to enter the air-conditioned room for cooling.
In the elderly with heart cerebrovascular disease, the function of oxygen supply organs will be significantly reduced after heat stroke, and tissue oxygen supply will be reduced.
At this time, it is best to arrange the elderly in the air circulation environment, and if necessary, give the elderly oxygen.
After the heat stroke, the elderly need to pay special attention to the occurrence of complications such as cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Once shock, heart failure, its risk is not suitable.
Severe patients must go to the hospital for symptomatic treatment, injection of hibernating mixture, respiratory stimulants should be injected with respiratory failure, and peripheral circulatory failure should be supplemented with glucose or saline to replenish energy and lost water.
Summer old people should pay attention to three.
The diet should be reasonable.
In the summer, the amount of water consumed by the elderly is too small. Excessive sweating can lead to a decrease in blood volume, thick blood and slow flow.
Eating too little in diet can cause malnutrition, reduce immunity, eat too much supersaturation, increase blood flow in the digestive tract, reduce blood flow to the brain, cause atherosclerosis, and cause myocardial damage.
Therefore, ensuring a reasonable diet is very important for the elderly with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
Suggestion: The elderly will mainly eat light vegetarian food in the summer (you can eat less fish in moderation), and drink water in time to supplement the water consumption.
Green tea, milk, soy milk, honey, juice, etc. are added in appropriate amounts.
Exercise should be appropriate.
Because the individual differences in the physical state of the elderly are large, the amount of exercise, exercise intensity, exercise time, and exercise frequency vary from person to person.
The most suitable temperature for exercise is 4 ° C – 30 ° C.
In summer, the temperature is high, and the elderly who are used to getting up early often go out to exercise when they are cool in the morning.
In fact, some foreign scholars have determined that the incidence of coronary heart disease and cerebral hemorrhage is the largest in the 6 to 9 am, more than three times more than after 11 o’clock.
Recommendation: The movement of the elderly should be based on the physical condition of the individual. It must be gradual and persistent.
Walking, jogging, swimming, etc. are all conducive to improving the heart and lung function of the elderly.
In addition, the elderly can consciously control the frequency and depth of breathing, which can effectively improve lung capacity and improve blood supply to the brain.
The awareness of protection should be strengthened.
Healthy elderly people should first check before exercise, and do a good job in sports. It is best to give a prescription for exercise under the guidance of a rehabilitation doctor.
Old people who have suffered from cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases need to strengthen their family protection awareness. Under the guidance of a rehabilitation doctor, they should be exercised at home accompanied by their family members.
In addition, it is best for the elderly to carry the relevant drugs at any time, and to be equipped with first-aid personnel who are recruited immediately, to reduce the mortality rate of the elderly after the onset of illness to ensure the quality of life of the elderly.
In the summer, when the temperature exceeds 37 °C, the elderly must protect themselves, especially those with chronic diseases such as cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases should stay in a relatively cool room, less than direct sunlight.
Drink more water after sweating and replenish the lost water.